In Florida, negligent security cases fall under premises liability. This area of Florida law involves claims made against property owners for losses, damages and death that occur on their premises. Property owners owe a duty of care to people who are legally on their property. This duty of care includes a responsibility to provide basic security and adopt safety measures to prevent foreseeable dangers to visitors. Failing to provide adequate security amounts to a breach of this duty of care.
Plaintiffs who file lawsuits against landowners in these cases are classified on one of three ways:
Negligent Security and Private Property
Negligent security is applicable to private property, although, as has been explained above, property owners have different duties of care to different categories of people (invitee, licensee, trespasser). Depending on how you are classified, negligent security law will apply to you when you are on private property, to differing degrees.
Negligent Security and Public Property
Negligent security law is applicable on public property as well. Parks, government buildings, parking lots and more are all public properties on which local authorities owe a duty of care to the people who use those properties. However, different rules will apply for premises liability claims involving government or city-owned property. You are usually required to give the government notice by a specific deadline and you may have a shorter statute of limitations